In this blog post we will learn to make wireless transmitter and receiver using RF Modules and also try to understand the circuit diagram behind the whole electrical infrastructure.
Communication over Radio Frequency has many advantages as it doesn’t require a line of sight connection between the transmitter and receiver as in case of Infrared communication.
The range of RF communication is very high when compared to IR communication. In this project, a wireless transmitter and receiver system using RF modules (RF Transmitter and RF Receiver) is implemented.
An RF Transmitter and Receiver pair is used for wireless communication. The wireless data transmission is done using 433 MHz Radio Frequency signals that are modulated using Amplitude Shift Keying (ASK) Modulation technique.
In order to implement the wireless transmitter and receiver, we use an encoder IC HT12E and a decoder IC HT12D.
Circuit Diagram for Transmitter and Receiver using RF Module
The circuit is divided into transmitter and receiver sections. The transmitter section consists of an RF Transmitter, HT12E encoder IC and four push buttons.
The receiver section consists of RF Receiver, HT12D Decoder IC and four LEDs. An extra LED is connected to VT (Valid Transmission) pin of the decoder IC. This is used to indicate a successful transmission of data.
A 750 KΩ resistor is connected between the oscillator terminals of encoder IC. This is to enable the oscillator.
Similarly, a 33 KΩ resistor is connected between the oscillator pins of decoder IC.
Output of the Circuit Diagram
Transmitter in the Circuit
Receiver in the Circuit
Component Description for this electronic project
RF Transmitter and Receiver Modules: The wireless communication between transmitter and receiver sections is achieved using RF modules. A 433 MHz transmitter and receiver pair are used in this project.
It is an encoder IC that converts the 4-bit parallel data from the 4 data pins into serial data in order to transmit over RF link using transmitter.
It is a decoder IC that converts the serial data received by the RF Receiver into 4-bit parallel data and drives the LEDs accordingly.
Working of Transmitter and Receiver Circuit
The aim of this project is to implement a wireless transmitter and receiver using RF modules. It uses radio signals to transmit the data. The working of the project is as follows.
The transmitter and receiver sections are placed at a distance of at least 20 meters. In order to show the working of wireless communication between transmitter and receiver, 4 LEDs at receiver side are controlled by 4 buttons at transmitter section.
The HT12E encoder IC converts the 4-bit data from the 4 data pins that are connected to buttons into serial data. This serial data is sent to RF transmitter. The RF transmitter transmits this serial data using radio signals.
At the receiver side, the RF receiver receives the serial data. This serial data is sent to HT12D decoder IC which converts into 4 bit parallel data.
The 4 data pins of decoder are connected to LEDs. According to the buttons pushed, the LEDs can be turned ON or OFF.
Applications in this project
- As RF Modules doesn’t require line of sight communication, the transmitter and receiver can be isolated over a distance and data can be transmitted successfully.
- The wireless transmitter and receiver can be used in car door and garage door controllers.
- They can also be used in home automation systems.
We believe, you have captured the required concept to learn to make wireless transmitter and receiver using RF Modules. Explore for similar projects and guides on electronics project for your schools and colleges.